The mineral magnesium doesn’t benefit from the rock (geddit?!?) star standing of, say, calcium and potassium, but it surely’s no much less important. In reality, the nutrient is a contributor in actually lots of of processes that guarantee wholesome human perform.

Learn on for the advantages of this multifarious mineral, and how one can enhance your consumption of meals excessive in magnesium.


What Is Magnesium?

Magnesium is a mineral deemed “important,” which means it’s obligatory for regular perform however isn’t produced by the physique. Because of this, it needs to be obtained by way of meals.

A participant in additional than 300 biochemical reactions, magnesium additionally capabilities as an electrolyte, which is a mineral in bodily fluids (e.g., blood) that carries an electrical cost. (Although, most magnesium within the physique is present in bone and mushy tissue.)


Magnesium Advantages

Magnesium promotes regular metabolic perform whereas additionally contributing to musculoskeletal well being and construction. “It’s a multitasker — it has many roles,” says Shelley Rael, M.S., R.D.N.

1. Helps regulate blood sugar

“Most notably,” Rael provides, “magnesium is a part of the method that permits our our bodies to take up and use glucose — the key gas supply for our mind and purple blood cells.”

2. Aids in bone formation

Magnesium homeostasis (equilibrium) is related with wholesome bone density and integrity.

3. Helps wholesome metabolism

“Magnesium helps with power manufacturing, protein synthesis, and the metabolism of fat and carbohydrates,” says Alicia Smith, MEd, R.D.

4. Promotes wholesome coronary heart perform

Magnesium performs an essential position in cardiovascular well being, “serving to electrolytes like potassium and calcium transfer throughout our cells to have an effect on nerve impulses, muscle contraction, and coronary heart rhythm,” says Smith.


How A lot Magnesium Ought to I Get Per Day?

For magnesium, the advisable DV is 420 mg for grownup males and 320 mg for grownup girls.

The advisable every day worth (DV) is the common every day consumption of a nutrient obligatory to satisfy the necessities of most wholesome folks, assuming a 2,000-calorie eating regimen.


Are There Facet Results From Getting Too A lot Magnesium?

In accordance with the Nationwide Institutes of Well being (NIH), our our bodies solely soak up 30 t0 40 % of the magnesium we ingest, so there’s not a major danger of consuming poisonous quantities of it from meals.

“You’ll be able to’t actually get a toxicity from meals as a result of our kidneys are regulating it,” says Andrea N. Giancoli, M.P.H., R.D.

An higher restrict for supplemental magnesium has been set at 350 mg for adults, so it’s finest to decide on merchandise with lower than this quantity because it’s doable to devour an excessive amount of. Some medicines include magnesium (like antacids and laxatives) as effectively, so make sure you test labels.

Extra magnesium may cause diarrhea and stomach cramping.

A poisonous quantity — usually in extra of 5,000 mg every day — may end up in a situation referred to as “hypermagnesemia,” which begins with signs like fatigue and nausea, and has the potential to progress to higher points, like cardiac arrest.


What Occurs If I Have a Magnesium Deficiency?

Most Individuals don’t devour sufficient magnesium, in accordance with the Nationwide Institutes of Well being.

The results of low magnesium consumption are usually modest at first, because the kidneys compensate by banking extra of it. However in time, the consequences of magnesium deficiency may be critical.

“Brief-term, the signs can be nausea and vomiting in addition to others like lack of urge for food, weak point, and fatigue,” Giancoli says.

“It could possibly additionally worsen, like muscle contractions and cramps. And it may well even go as far as irregular coronary heart rhythm. That’s a scientific deficiency. Happily, our our bodies have a system to maintain sufficient on board.”


15 Greatest Meals Sources of Magnesium

In accordance with the FDA, a meals may be thought of “excessive” in magnesium if it comprises 20 % or extra of the every day worth (DV) specified by the company (80 mg) and a “good supply” of iron if it comprises 10 to 19 % of the DV (40 to 78 mg).

The perfect means of accelerating magnesium consumption is to devour it in meals sources — which may vary from fish and nuts to greens. Smith confirms: “Meals are all the time the best option to get your nutritional vitamins and minerals.”

Pumpkin seeds

Magnesium: 168 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz., dried

Not simply excessive in magnesium, a 158-calorie serving of pumpkin seeds can be a very good supply of iron, zinc, and copper, and comprises extra protein than it does carbohydrates.


Brazil nuts

Magnesium: 107 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz.

The calorie depend for Brazil nuts is 1-8-7, which may be homicide for individuals who are counting. However you get quite a bit on your indulgence in power with greater than 1 / 4 of your every day worth of magnesium, in addition to good values of vitamin E, phosphorus, and zinc.


Sesame seeds

Magnesium: 101 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz., roasted

Tossed over a salad (good thought) or consumed throughout, like, eight Large Mac buns (dangerous thought), a serving of sesame seeds (160 energy) delivers 1 / 4 of the DV for magnesium.



Magnesium: 83 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz., uncooked

A serving of about 18 cashews (157 energy) additionally boasts wholesome fat and protein (5 g), and is an efficient supply of iron and zinc.



Magnesium: 77 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz.

Clocking in at round 23 nuts, a serving of almonds (about 165 energy) can be a very good supply of fiber (3.5 g) and protein (6 g).



Magnesium: 78 mg | Serving dimension: ½ cup, cooked

Simply 20 energy’ value of spinach provides an abundance of nutritional vitamins, together with A and Okay.


Darkish chocolate

Magnesium: 65 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz., 70–85 % cacao solids

Deal with your self! A serving of darkish chocolate (about 170 energy) can be a supply of flavonoids and fiber (3 g) in addition to iron (3 mg).


Black beans

Magnesium: 60 mg | Serving dimension: ½ cup, cooked

Also called turtle beans, a serving of this versatile legume (114 energy) can be loaded with fiber (7.5 g) and is an efficient supply of protein (7.5 g).


Peanut butter

Magnesium: 54 mg | Serving dimension: 2 Tbsp., smooth-style

A 191-calorie serving of peanut butter can be stuffed with good fat and protein (7 g).



Magnesium: 54 mg | Serving dimension: 3 oz., cooked

A 156-calorie tuna fillet can be packed to the rafters with protein (25 g).



Magnesium: 50 mg | Serving dimension: ½ cup

A serving of steamed or boiled soybeans (95 energy) can be a very good supply of fiber (4 g) and is a full plant-based supply of protein (9 g).



Magnesium: 52 mg | Serving dimension: 1 medium sized, baked

You possibly can even go down a dimension in potato and nonetheless have a very good supply of magnesium, however the medium dimension provides 5 g of protein and 4 g of fiber.



Magnesium: 48 mg | Serving dimension: 1 oz.

Twenty-eight nuts (technically legumes, meals nerds) whole 161 energy, and supply fiber (2 g), protein (7 g), folate, and vitamin E.


Brown rice

Magnesium: 39 mg | Serving dimension: ½ cup, cooked

Clocking in at 124 energy, a half cup of cooked brown rice additionally gives greater than 1 / 4 of the every day worth of niacin, which, amongst different capabilities, is instrumental in turning gas sources like carbs, protein, and fat into power to be used by the physique.



Magnesium: 37 mg | Serving dimension: 1 massive fruit

The one fruit to make the record (don’t get a giant head, banana), at 121 energy a banana is an efficient supply of potassium and fiber (4 g), as effectively.